OCOT’s apprenticeship review ratios: The complete list

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    Ontario Construction Report staff writer

    Here is a summary of the apprenticeship review ratio decisions by the Ontario College of Trades (OCOT).  All construction trades have now been reviewed. Trades are listed in alphabetical order.

    The ratio is the number of journeymen to the number of apprentices.  In a 1:1 ratio, one apprentice could work in an organization with one journeyman.  A 2:1 ratio would indicate that two journeymen are required before one apprentice could work.

    As a rule, submissions from organized labour have asked for the ratios to remain the same or increased, while employer groups and the employer-friendly Christian Labour Association of Canada (CLAC) has advocated for reduced ratios, which would allow employers to hire more lower-paid apprentices.

    The data indicates that ratios have been reduced for 11 trades so far, and increased for only one (floor covering installer), suggesting that the OCOT process is generally favouring the interests of organizations who have opposed the college’s establishment.

    However, ratios for some major trades (such as electricians and carpenters) were reduced only slightly compared to most other provinces, and despite the requests for much higher reductions from employer groups.

    The next ratio review process will occur in about three years.

    Architectural, glass and metal technician

    Original ratio: 1:1, 2:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (unchanged)

    Brick and stone mason and restoration mason

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

                New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (reduced)

    Carpenters

    Previous: 1: 1 and 4:1; new 1:1 and 3:1 (reduced)

    Cement (concrete) finisher

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 3:1 (unchanged)

    (1:1 applies for the first apprentice, 3:1 applies for second and successive apprentices)

    Cement mason

    Original ratio: 1:1, 4:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 3:1  (reduced)

                The OCOT says “cement mason is no longer a trade prescribed under the OCTAA.”

    Construction boilermaker

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 3:1 (unchanged)

    Construction millwright

    Original ratio: 1:1, 4:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 3:1 (reduced)

    Drywall, acoustic and lathing applicator

    Previous: 1:1 and 4:1; new 1:1 and 4:1 (unchanged)

    Drywall finisher and plasterer

    Previous: 1:1 and 3:1; new 1:1 and 3:1 (unchanged)

    Electrician: construction and maintenance; and electrician: domestic and rural

    Previous: 1:1 (first two apprentices); 1:2 (to eight journeypersons/four apprentices), 1:3 (additional apprentices above eight journeypersons)

    New:   1:1 (first two apprentices); 1:2 (from four to 10 journeypersons/five apprentices); 1:3 (additional apprentices above 10 journeypersons). (reduced slightly)

    The proposal is the same for domestic and rural electrician, except that for work in the low-rise residential sector only, for every two journeypersons after the tenth journeyperson, one additional apprentice.

    Floor covering installer

    Original ratio: 1:1

                New ratio 2:1 (increased)

    Heat and frost insulator

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

                New ratio: 1:1, 3:1 (unchanged)

    Hoisting engineers

    Original ratio: 1:1

    New ratio: 1:1 (unchanged)

    Ironworker (generalist, structural and ornamental and reinforcing rodworker)

    Original ratio: 1:1, 2:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (unchanged)

    Painter and decorator

    Original ratio 1:1 (first two journeymen), then 1:2 (next two journeymen); then 1:3 (5 or more journeypersons

    New ratio:  1:1, 1:2, 1:3 (unchanged)

    Plumber and steamfitter

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

                New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (reduced)

    Powerline technician

    Previous: 1:1; new 1:1 (unchanged)

    Precast concrete erector/finisher

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 3:1 (unchanged)

    Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic

    Original ratio: 1: 1, special table, 3:1 (for contractors with more than seven journeymen)

    New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (reduced)

    Residential (low-rise) sheet metal installer

    Original ratio: 3:1

    New ratio: 3:1 (unchanged)

    Roofers

    Original ratio:  1:1, 3:1

    New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (reduced)

    Sheet metal worker

    Original ratio: 3:1

    New ratio:  1:1, 3:1, 2:1 (3:1 applies when between two and seven journeypersons, 3:1 applies for additional apprentices when there are more than seven journeypersons) (reduced)

    Sprinkler and fire protection installer

    Previous: 1:1; new 1:1 (unchanged)

    Terrazzo, tile and marble setter

    Original ratio: 1:1, 3:1

                New ratio: 1:1, 2:1 (reduced)

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